Events of the day 18 March

Events of day 18 March

AD 37:

The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius's will and proclaims Caligula emperor.

633:

Ridda wars: The Arabian Peninsula is united under the central authority of Caliph Abu Bakr.

1068:

An earthquake in the Levant and the Arabian Peninsula, leaves up to 20,000 dead.

1229:

Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, declares himself King of Jerusalem in the Sixth Crusade.

1241:

First Mongol invasion of Poland: Mongols overwhelm Polish armies in Kraków in the Battle of Chmielnik and plunder the city.

1314:

Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and final Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake.

1438:

Albert II of Habsburg becomes Holy Roman Emperor.

1608:

Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia.

1644:

The Third Anglo-Powhatan War begins in the Colony of Virginia.

1741:

New York governor George Clarke's complex at Fort George is burned in an arson attack, starting the New York Conspiracy of 1741.

1766:

American Revolution: The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act.

1793:

The first modern republic in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.

1793:

Flanders Campaign of the French Revolution, Battle of Neerwinden.

1834:

Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.

1848:

March Revolution: In Berlin there is a struggle between citizens and military, costing about 300 lives.

1850:

American Express is founded by Henry Wells and William Fargo.

1865:

American Civil War: The Congress of the Confederate States adjourns for the last time.

1871:

Declaration of the Paris Commune; President of the French Republic, Adolphe Thiers, orders the evacuation of Paris.

1874:

Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trade rights.

1892:

Former Governor General Lord Stanley pledges to donate a silver challenge cup, later named after him, as an award for the best hockey team in Canada the Stanley Cup.

1913:

King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.

1915:

World War I: During the Battle of Gallipoli, three battleships are sunk during a failed British and French naval attack on the Dardanelles.

1921:

The second Peace of Riga is signed between Poland and the Soviet Union.

1922:

In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience, of which he serves only two.

1925:

The Tri-State Tornado hits the Midwestern states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people.

1937:

The New London School explosion in New London, Texas, kills 300 people, mostly children.

1937:

Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces defeat the Italians at the Battle of Guadalajara.

1938:

Mexico creates Pemex by expropriating all foreign-owned oil reserves and facilities.

1940:

World War II: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at the Brenner Pass in the Alps and agree to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.

1942:

The War Relocation Authority is established in the United States to take Japanese Americans into custody.

1944:

The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in Italy kills 26 people and causes thousands to flee their homes.

1948:

Soviet consultants leave Yugoslavia in the first sign of the Tito–Stalin Split.

1953:

An earthquake hits western Turkey, killing 265 people.

1959:

The Hawaii Admission Act is signed into law.

1962:

The Évian Accords end the Algerian War of Independence, which had begun in 1954.

1965:

Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.

1967:

The supertanker Torrey Canyon runs aground off the Cornish coast.

1968:

Gold standard: The U.S. Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back US currency.

1969:

The United States begins secretly bombing the Sihanouk Trail in Cambodia, used by communist forces to infiltrate South Vietnam.

1970:

Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.

1971:

Peru: a landslide crashes into Yanawayin Lake, killing 200 people at the mining camp of Chungar.

1980:

A Vostok-2M rocket at Plesetsk Cosmodrome Site 43 explodes during a fueling operation, killing 48 people.

1990:

Germans in the German Democratic Republic vote in the first democratic elections in the former communist dictatorship.

1990:

In the largest art theft in US history, 12 paintings, collectively worth around $500 million, are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston.

1994:

Bosnia's Bosniaks and Croats sign the Washington Agreement, ending war between the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia and the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and establishing the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

1996:

A nightclub fire in Quezon City, Philippines kills 162 people.

1997:

The tail of a Russian Antonov An-24 charter plane breaks off while en route to Turkey causing the plane to crash and killing all 50 people on board.

2014:

The parliaments of Russia and Crimea sign an accession treaty.

2015:

The Bardo National Museum in Tunisia is attacked by gunmen. 23 people, almost all tourists, are killed, and at least 50 other people are wounded.


Celebrations 18 March

Paul Anghel1931:

Was born Paul Anghel.

Wilhelm Stekel1868:

Was born Wilhelm Stekel.

Ion Barbu1895:

Was born Ion Barbu.

Eugen Dorcescu1942:

Was born Eugen Dorcescu.

1947:

Was born Emil Nicolae.

1936:

Was born Paul Sanpetru.

Ondrej Tefanko1949:

Was born Ondrej Tefanko.

John Updike1932:

Was born John Updike.

Horia Roman Patapievici1957:

Was born Horia Roman Patapievici.

Bartolomeu Anania1918:

Was born Bartolomeu Anania.


Commemorations 18 March

Erich Fromm1980:

Has died Erich Fromm.

Laurence Sterne1768:

Has died Laurence Sterne.