The word originates in the Greek Phoenix or Phönix and it names a mythical bird, endowed with special qualities, a bird that has the ability to set itself on fire and then it reborn from the ashes. This bird it is mentioned in Greek mythology, Arab mythology, Egyptian mythology, Chinese mythology and Roman mythology. It is described as a bird with colorful plumage; the tail is a combination of deep red, purple and gold. The Phoenix bird has a lifetime of 500 - 1000 years and at the end of this period it builds up a nest of twigs, herbs and incense. After the nest is finished, the bird and nest are burning until remain only the ashes. A new Phoenix bird is born from the ashes. Some legends are saying that the new Phoenix bird buries the one before it; the ashes of burned bird are placed in a coating of myrrh and frankincense and taken to the sanctuary of Heliopolis (The city of Sun, in Greek). The Greeks believed that Phoenix bird is the symbol of life and death cycles, symbol of spiritual reincarnation.
The association of this expression with a life situation suggests the will and determination of a person to reinvent spiritually or professionally at a time when everything seemed lost.